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One of the set texts we had to read at seminary was Ralph Winter’s ‘The Two Structures of God’s Redemptive Mission,’ published in his opus: Perspectives on the World Christian Movement. In this essay (which was fascinating to an evangelical newbie THEN), Winter points out that evangelicals can learn from the Catholic church with its harmony of modality and sodality. [I commented previously on Winter at Khanya.]
Though not a perfect continuum historically, it has worked since the church was first initiated as a Christian synagogue (modality) and sent off (not ‘out’ – it was no extension of Antioch) Paul and Barnabas as an evangelistic team (sodality), based on the model of the Jewish mission of which, of course, Paul was already part.
In the Roman context, the church became a diocese (modality) while a monastic movement (sodality) developed independently of the evangelistic band. Winter’s point is that the sodality invigorated the modality for 1000 years. Come the Reformation, the Protestants lose the plot by abandoning the sodality – and do not find it again for 300 years, until Carey publishes his famous Means and precipitates the modern Protestant mission movement.
Despite the recovery of the sodality, it is constantly under threat of being subsumed back into modality structures, e.g. denomination boards. (This occurred with my .own denomination in South Africa.) Perhaps as a reaction to this, some Protestants are becoming more radical with a move to actual orders. INNERCHANGE (topic of previous reblog), is one that is represented here in South Africa – birthed, interestingly, via NieuCommunities. Perhaps I can get a local interview!
Hugely fascinating! Was it INNERCHANGE who changed their self-description from mission agency to “order”?
InnerCHANGE emerged in the mid-1980s from the aspiration of John Hayes. While living and ministering with his family among immigrant neighbors in the most poverty-stricken, overcrowded street in Orange County, California, John recognized the urgent need to better enable missionaries to share more concretely in the lives and struggles of the poor to whom they minister. Identifying as “a Christian order among the poor,” ecumenical in composition, and affiliated with the larger mission organization CRM: Church Resource Ministries, InnerCHANGE communities have since taken root in impoverished neighborhoods in South and East Africa, Central and South America, London, Cambodia, Bangladesh, as well as a handful of urban centers in the United States.
I first encountered writing by and about InnerCHANGE while reading of the New Friars, a movement of Christian missionary communities seeking to live more integrally among the poor, in part through appropriating the wisdom of the classic…
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